Cats' Coat - Types, colors and special care

Anyone who has a feline pet at home knows that the coat of cats requires a lot of care to keep it clean and silky. Hygiene and brushing are essential so that the feline hairs are always showy and shiny, and also to maintain the health of the pussies, since the accumulation of dirt can cause several problems and complications in the lives of cats.

The number of types of cats coat is large and, as a result, many pet owners are in doubt when it comes to the most fundamental care of their pussies, considering that even kittens of breeds that have very little (or none) hair, also need attention in this regard.

In the pet products market - extremely hot nowadays - it is already possible to find several types of shampoos and lotions for cleaning cats' skin and hair; and there are even specific types of these products for hair care according to their colors.

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Although they are not fans of water (most of the time), cats need a good bath with a certain frequency, since the famous “cat baths”- where the feline licks its body to clean itself - are not enough for it to be free from the problems that can appear due to poor hygiene.

Sensitive, cats' skin is a problem for about 50% of felines, who can develop allergies, flaking and dandruff, among others; also affecting the animal's coat. It is a vicious circle, as the lack of hygiene and cleanliness of the hair can help in the appearance of skin complications, which are also responsible for significant problems in the animal's coat.

Highlighting nine different and distinct types of color and pattern, the feline's coat can present itself in the simplest to the most elaborate ways, showing a very exotic appearance in many cases.

However, regardless of the color or design of the pussy hairs, care for your hygiene - which has brushing and cleaning through baths as essential factors - cannot be left out. Check out, in this article, some tips to keep your feline pet's coat silky and disease-free.

Brushing of feline hair

Brushing the cat's coat is one of the most important items to keep it clean and out of trouble. It is important that, before bathing the cat with water, its hair is properly brushed and disentangled (while still dry), because the matted coat can be another reason for complications, absorbing dirt residues and cleaning lotions in its knots.

In case of cats with long hair this care must also be doubled, and brushing must be daily. Semi-long-haired cats should be brushed every two weeks, at least; and for shorter-haired pussies, going through the process once a month is enough.

In addition to preparing the coat for a deeper cleaning, brushing also contributes to the removal of loose hair - which, when licked by the animal during its own hygiene, can end up accumulating and forming hair balls in the pussy's stomach.

The variety of combs and special brushes for dealing with cats is very large, and the pet market offers this type of product in different versions of shape, color, material and size. Purchasing the right model, just brush the cat's hair (from head to tail) gently, until all the coat is free of knots.

In some cases, the cat's hair can become tangled, and on these occasions, the only solution is patience - and owners should brush their pets' pussies until the brush or comb can smoothly pass through all of their fur, without arresting.

To brush cats with longer coats, it is recommended that a neutral talc is applied on the hair to facilitate the process, and that brushes with metal bristles or wires are used. Brushes to smooth pussy hairs they are also important for removing loose wires.

In the case of cats with shorter coats, rubber or bristle brushes can be used for general brushing - and metal combs, with very thin bristles, can also be useful to detect the possible presence of fleas in the coat.

Bathing in cats

As we have already mentioned, the owners are mistaken who believe that the feline hygiene it can be done only by licking cats; and baths are absolutely necessary for the cleaning of the pussy to be done properly; mainly, in the case of cats with a longer coat - which accumulate much more waste than the short ones.

For cats that are calmer and accustomed to bathing since puppies, hygiene can be done indoors, by the pet's own owners. In these cases, it is recommended to choose a product suitable for cleaning the animal (such as shampoos and conditioners specific to its type of coat) and that they do not have a very marked perfume, since cats can be very annoyed when they get odors very strong in their hair.

In the case of more agitated and unfamiliar cats with water baths, the best option remains to look for a pet Shop or another establishment that provides this type of service; avoiding possible scratches and pussy stress. In any case, the important thing is that the cat is cleaned with a good bath, at least, once a month; the number shown doubles in the case of long-haired cats.

Types of cat coats

The types of cat coats can be divided into nine more well-known categories, which have different colors, designs and special characteristics; as described below:

  • Solid

The color is uniform over the entire length of the coat. Black, blue, red and cream are the most common colors in this coat category, in addition to chocolate, lilac and cinnamon, considered one of the rarest.

  • Scales

The hairs vary on the whole body of the animal between the black and red colors, and may have other tones that include blue, cream and its variations. In almost 100% of cases, cats with this type of coat are female.

  • White

White cats have their appearance determined by their parents' genetics, in fact, the absence of color in their hair. The real color of the animal may appear in some spot, as a youngster; however, it disappears over time, and the predominance remains with white. The eyes of cats in this category vary between the colors copper and blue, and the animal may even have one eye of each color.

  • Tabby

They are cats with striped fur and with different markings along the body, forming different contrasts. Legs, torso and tail also highlight the characteristic pattern, and the design of an M can be seen on the forehead of cats with hair of this type, which are divided into four subcategories:

- Classic: Two or three large lines extend the length of the pussy's body, forming a design similar to that of butterfly wings.

- Mackerel: Stripes circulate throughout the cat's body, which exhibits a pattern similar to that of tigers.

- Spotted: The markings are round and appear on the entire body of the feline, which has a design similar to that of jaguars.

- Ticked: The markings are not well defined, since each cat's coat has different colors. The drawing impression is dotted lines.

  • Smoke

Smoke-haired pussies have up to 30% of their bodies with white hairs (usually in the belly area), the rest being colored.

  • Shaded

The hairs have a white base and color at the tips. The variation in this category, known as Chinchilla, highlights only 20% of color in the coat; while traditional Shaded have up to 60% of their hair colored.

  • Golden

Very rare, the Golden coat highlights a golden color where white would appear in the Shaded category. Each thread has different nuances of the same color, and the cats' nose with this type of coat is pink.

  • Particolour

The white color appears throughout the length of the animal's body, sharing space with the most varied tones, which can include black, blue, red and cream, among others. The coat can also count on Tabby or Smoke style markings - and is divided into three subcategories:

- Bicolor: The cat has 50% of the body with color, the rest being white. Most of the time, cats with this type of coat have an inverted V mark on the forehead, and have white hair on the areas of the snout, paws, belly, neck and chest.

- Harlequin: The color is distributed irregularly in the form of spots on the body of the pussy.

- Van: Colors appear at the ends of cats, such as tail and head, and in some cases, there may also be more discreet spots on the feline's back.

  • Colourpoint

Paws, tail, ear and snout highlight coloring, with black, blue, red and cream being the most common. It can include features from other categories, and the eyes of Colourpoint cats are, necessarily, blue.

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